Pastoralists originally from central Asia, who migrated westward to the steppe (q.v.) north of the Caspian Sea, as did the Huns and the Avars (qq.v.). They must have been Turkic in origin because nearly a hundred proto-Bulgarian (i.e., pre-Christian) inscriptions survive in characters known to be Turkic. Their history in the fifth and sixth centuries is obscure, although it has been suggested that they were related to the Cotrigurs and Utigurs (qq.v.). The establishment of the Avars in Pannonia (qq.v.) by the late sixth century allowed the Bulgars to expand. One contingent aligned itself with the Lombards (q.v.), helping them to conquer Italy (q.v.). Another contingent participated with the Avars and Slavs (qq.v.) in attacks on Thessalonike and Constantinople (qq.v.). However, most Bulgars lived north of the sea of Azov, where, in 632, one of their leaders, Kuvrat, formed a confederation of Bulgar tribes. After Kuvrat's death, the confederation disintegrated under the growing power of the Khazars (q.v.) to the east. Some Bulgars, led by Asparuch (q.v.), crossed the Danube River (q.v.), resisting an attempt by Constantine VI (q.v.) to oust them by force. In 680 they signed a treaty with Byzantium (q.v.), creating the first independent state that Byzantium recognized on its own soil. The region was already settled by Slavs, who were much more numerous, and who the Bulgars subjugated. By the ninth century, the Bulgars had virtually become Slavs, at which point this intermixed people are referred to as Bulgarians.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bulgars — Not to be confused with Bulgarians. Victorious Bulgar soldiers killing their East Roman (Byzantine) opponents, from the Menology of Basil II, 10th century …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgars — Bul·gar || bÊŒlgeÉ™(r) n. Bulgarian, native or resident of Bulgaria adj. Bulgarian, of or pertaining to Bulgaria, of Bulgarian origin …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Land of the Bulgars — Bulgaria …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Battle of Pliska — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Pliska caption=Ruins of Pliska partof=the Byzantine Bulgarian Wars date=26 July, 811 place=Pliska and Vărbitsa Pass result=Decisive Bulgarian victory combatant1=Bulgarian Empire combatant2=Byzantine… …   Wikipedia

  • Byzantine Empire — the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of the Western Empire in A.D. 476. Cap.: Constantinople. * * * Empire, southeastern and southern Europe and western Asia. It began as the city of Byzantium, which had grown from an ancient Greek colony… …   Universalium

  • Old Great Bulgaria — ←   ← …   Wikipedia

  • First Bulgarian Empire — Първo българско царство Părvo Bălgarsko Tsarstvo ← …   Wikipedia

  • Flying Bulgar Klezmer Band — The Flying Bulgar Klezmer Band are a Canadian folk music band, who play a brand of klezmer music, traditional Eastern European Jewish dance music. The band s music adds elements of rock, jazz and salsa. Currently the Flying Bulgars are in studio… …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgaria — /bul gair ee euh, bool /, n. a republic in SE Europe. 8,652,745; 42,800 sq. mi. (110,850 sq. km). Cap.: Sofia. * * * Bulgaria Introduction Bulgaria Background: The Bulgars, a Central Asian Turkic tribe, merged with the local Slavic inhabitants in …   Universalium

  • Tatars — Infobox Ethnic group group=Tatars (Tatarlar / Татарлар) poptime= 21 millionFact|date=September 2008 popplace=Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, Lithuania, Finland, Estonia, Poland, Belarus, Germany, Bulgaria, Romania,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”